Kashan is a city in the northern part of Isfahan province, Iran.
Earliest evidence of human presence around Kashan date back to Paleolithic period. Archeological discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks which lie 4 km west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages. Hence, Kashan dates back to the Elamite period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7,000 years.
Some etymologists argue that the city name comes from the Kasian, the original inhabitants of the city, whose remains are found at Tapeh Sialk; later this was changed to "Kashian", hence the town name. Between the 12th and the 14th centuries Kashan was an important center for the production of high-quality pottery and tiles. In modern Persian, the word for a tile (kashi) comes from the name of the town.
Kashan is divided into two parts, mountainous and desert. In the west side is cited in the neighborhood of Mount Gargas and in the east side it opens up to the central desert of Iran.
Kashan is also known for Maranjab Desert and Caravanserai located near the namak lake (or Salt Lake). Today Maranjab and the surrounding Shifting Sands is a visitor destination at the weekends for safaris.
Kashan is one of Iran's most alluring destinations. It not only boasts a cluster of architectural wonders, an atmospheric covered bazaar and a UNESCO recognized garden, but it also offers some of central Iran's best traditional hotels.
Kashan is best known for rosewater, handmade carpet and many tourism attractions.